Dr Kholofelo Mothibi1
1University Of Venda, Thohoyandou, South Africa
The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of the measures in the prevention and control of organised crime by government agencies based in Limpopo Province. The research was qualitative in nature and semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 law enforcement officers from the DPCI, DSSL, SAPS, Home Affairs, SARS Customs and Excess, AFU, and the NPA PCLU. Data was analysed though thematic analysis. The results revealed that government strategies in Limpopo still require concerted efforts in the prevention and control of organised crime. The government has identified measures to fight organised crime and has adopted the criminal justice response/ institutional and the legislative response to the crime. Measures taken by various units are found to be ineffective in dealing with organised crime since organised criminal networks are often flexible, dynamic, innovative and resilient. Furthermore, corrupt activities and collusions by law enforcement officers hinder the effective implementation of the strategies to control organised crime. The study highlighted poor implementation of the multi-agency approach as one institution is expected to facilitate and lead the prevention of organised crime. The findings further highlight, for example, that the smuggling of illegal cigarettes is currently a challenge for the provincial government as a highly committed organised crime. The study recommends for the development, by the government, of an Organised Crime Threat Assessment in order to effectively recognise the need for responses The study further recommends the adoption of relevant multi-agency approaches in addressing organise crime – both operational and policy or regulatory.
Dr Mothibi attained a Bachelor of Arts at the University of the North (now the University of Limpopo) in 2004 and Bachelor of Arts Honours (Criminology) in 2005. In 2007 she obtained a certificate from Rhodes University qualifying as an accredited assessor. Studied for the Master of Arts Degree in Criminology at the University of Limpopo and the degree was awarded in 2008. In 2012 she completed PhD in Criminology and the degree was conferred in May 2013. Later completed Masters in Public Administration (MPA) at the Turfloop Graduate School of Leadership (TGSL) in 2016. Currently employed as a senior lecturer and Head of Department in the Criminal Justice Department at the University of Venda and was previously Head of Criminology Department and senior lecturer at the University of Fort Hare (Alice Campus), and worked at the University of Limpopo the 10 years. Beyond research successes, Dr Mothibi has a wide range of teaching and research experience and taught both undergraduates and postgraduates courses (Specialises in crime prevention, policing, victimology, criminological theories, community policing and individual crime studies). Has extensive experience as a postgraduate supervisor and has successfully supervised 24 honors students (mini-dissertations) and 5 masters dissertations and 1 PhD; currently supervising 4 honors, 3 masters’ students and 1 PhD. Papers have been published in an accredited and peer reviewed journals and also reviewed various papers published in accredited journals. Currently serving as Criminological Society of Africa (CRIMSA) secretary (2018-2020).