Attention Deficit: The School-to-Prison Pipeline and how to interrupt its Path

Sarah Devyn
1Trifari Tiffin University

The School-to-Prison Pipeline has been discussed for many years. The pipeline is where problem students are funneled into the criminal justice system directly from schools. There are many contributors to this phenomenon, but whatever the cause, it is taking center stage in many school systems. Out of school suspensions have increased ten percent from the previous decade, and have doubled since the 1970s.  A study in Texas revealed that children under suspensions are more likely to be held back or drop out of school entirely.  An MIT study found that 40 percent of kids who went into juvenile detention ended up in prison by the age of 25. Proposed remedies could be preventative or interruptive along the pipeline in nature.  This research focused on foundational theories in social sciences/criminal justice such as attachment theory and contact theory.  The study was a 2x2x2 mixed measure, factorial, between persons, non-repeated measures design examining parental parenting style, divorce, gender, and internal analyses of IEP/teacher attachment.  Results indicated significant differences in the likelihood of the development of delinquent behavior.

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