Umezu-He Agreement

Chiang Kai-shek was not ready to go to war with Japan while his troops were still engaged in a campaign of extermination of the Chinese Communist Party. The agreement was reached between General Yoshijiré Umezu, commander-in-chief of the Kwantung army for Japan, and He Yingqin for China. [1] The agreement gave Japan virtual control of Hebei Province under the aegis of the East Hebei Autonomous Council. [2] Although the agreement was concluded in secret, its details were quickly leaked to the press, causing a rise in indignation and anti-Japaan atmosphere in China. The ceasefire lasted until July 7, 1937, with the beginning of the Second Japanese-Japanese War. In 1934, Umezu was appointed commander of the Japanese Chinese Garrison Army and caused in And around Beijing, Tianjin and the surrounding area. In 1935, he forced He Yingqin, the military minister of the Chinese nationalist government, to accept the agreement, later known as the “He Umezu Agreement,” by which Japan took control of strategic strongholds near Beijing and Tianjin to prepare for its vast war of aggression against China. Umezu was appointed Deputy Minister of the Army in 1936 and was involved in the planning of the incident on the Marco Polo Bridge, which marked the beginning of the War of Japanese Aggression in China. The He Umezu Agreement (梅, 應欽協) (Chinese: 梅協) was a secret agreement between the Empire of Japan and the Republic of China. June 1935, two years before the outbreak of general hostilities in the Second Japanese-Japanese War. The Japanese representation of the Marco Polo Bridge incident is as follows: on the night of July 7, the 12th year of showa`s reign (1937), a Japanese detachment (Kiyomoto Squadron) was bombed while training at a drilling site near the Marco Polo Bridge on the outskirts of Beijing. The next morning, the Ichiki battalion that was on its way there was also bombed with the Chinese army in the city of Wanping and exchanged with the Chinese army. The Marco Polo Bridge skirmish degenerated into a “northern China incident” following the illegal attack by regular Chinese troops on Japanese soldiers and a Japanese counter-attack that turned all of northern China into a battlefield.

This occurred in the context of China`s refusal to participate in Japan`s proposed peace negotiations. Japan`s interpretation of the Pacific War is a war for life and death for Japan, and the whole country and nation have devoted themselves to war to protect Japan.

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