Dr Jarrett Blaustein1, Professor Liz Campbell1, Dr Nicholas Lord2
1Monash University, Clayton, Australia,
2University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
Corruption is an enduring global problem affecting rich and poor countries alike. It impedes economic growth, interferes with core government institutions, undermines the rule of law, and exacerbates social inequality. Sustainable Development Goal 16.5 calls on the international community to ‘substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms’ by 2030 however, this aspiration cannot be realised without a suitable instrument for systematically identifying, analysing and monitoring the underlying drivers of corruption in different socio-economic contexts. Acknowledging the limitations of existing quantitative indicators for measuring corruption, we outline a proposal to develop a new instrument for systematically analysing corruption and evaluating national anti-corruption efforts. The ‘Corruption Audit Mechanism’, inspired by the Delphi Method, seeks to use deliberative methods to elicit expert knowledge on corruption as it manifests in different countries. We believe that the instrument can be applied consistently in different contexts, thereby allowing for the systematic comparison and qualitative longitudinal analysis (i.e. monitoring) of corruption and anti-corruption efforts in different jurisdictions.
Jarrett Blaustein is a Senior Lecturer in Criminology in the School of Social Sciences and the School Honours Coordinator. His research interests include: (1) the relationship between crime, development and security; (2) the mobility of crime control policies; and (3) law and order politics. He os the author of Speaking Truths to Power: Policy Ethnography and Police Reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina which was published by Oxford University Press in 2015 and he is currently lead editor for the Emerald Handbook of Crime, Justice and Sustainable Development which will be published in 2020.
Liz Campbell is the inaugural Francine V McNiff Chair in Criminal Jurisprudence at Monash Law Faculty, Melbourne, having previously been Professor of Criminal Law at Durham University, UK. Her research is socio-legal, and currently is focused on responses to corruption and organisational crime; and the use of biometric evidence in policing and prosecution. Her research has been funded by Research Council UK’s Partnership for Conflict, Crime and Security; Arts and Humanities Research Council; Law Foundation of New Zealand; Fulbright Commission; Modern Law Review; and Carnegie Trust.