Pathways out of Cybercrime: turning theories into practice to prevent cybercrime offenders from reoffending

Prof David Wall1

1University Of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom

This paper will explore a phenomenon experienced by many police agencies whereby they find that many (mainly non-economic) of the cybercrime offenders they arrest are often very young teenagers. Despite the serious consequences of the offending, police find it hard to prosecute them because of issues relating to establishing intent, motive and also neurodiversity. Issues, which can raise questions about whether or not prosecution is in the public interest. This, itself, raises important questions during times of police austerity whether resources are being most effectively applied and whether solutions can be found that are fair to offenders, satisfy the demand for justice, but also achieve a result that is in the public interest. Building upon ongoing research into cybercrime offending (Ransomware – EMPHASIS – and cybercrime in the cloud – CRITICAL), this talk will draw upon new theorisations of youth pathways into cybercrime in order to explore the pathways that can be taken out of it. It will map out the cybercrime ecosystem to identify the points where resources can most effectively be applied in developing pathways out of cybercrime.


David S. Wall is a Criminologist who conducts interdisciplinary research into CyberCrimes in the Cloud, Ransomware, Policing Cybercrime, and Organised Cybercrime and Cybersecurity. He is currently researching the impact of Big Data Crimes upon the cybersecurity threat landscape and is modelling the cybercrime ecosystem for various research projects. He works with economists, psychologists, lawyers, computer scientists and software engineers on AI and ML as well as various agencies across Europe and their various practitioner and policy communities. David has been a member of various Governmental working groups on Cybercrime and more recently he has worked with the UNODC Expert Groups on various cybercrime initiatives. More information can be found at his www site at –


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