The role of police in identifying and assisting victims of human trafficking for sexual exploitation: A perspective of Vietnam

Oanh Nguyen

PhD Student of Flinders Law School, nguy0679@flinders.edu.au

The problem of human trafficking for sexual exploitation is still prevalent at national and international scope, predominantly in developing countries like Vietnam. It not only poses a serious threat to national security but also expresses a gross violation of human rights. In efforts to repel crimes, the Vietnamese government considers countering human trafficking including sex trafficking as one of the national leading crime prevention strategies with a pivotal key of police. The government places a victim-centre strategy in terms of identification and assistance victims of human trafficking. Unfortunately, Vietnam is witnessing the failure in identifying the status of trafficked persons regarding the role of police. Consequently, police do not protect the rights of victims of human trafficking who may face with arrest, fine, detention, deportation, and even punishments from authorities. The objective of this research is to examine the question: How do police in Vietnam perceive and implement identification and assistance victims of human trafficking for sexual exploitation? To explore this question, the study will rely on a mixed research method. At the first phase of research, the researcher will conduct surveys with 150 police who work at varying levels of five provinces/cities in which human trafficking is common. At the second phase of research, the researcher will conduct semi-structured interviews with 25 police who are senior, or junior, or at-least-5-year experience officers of national, provincial and district police stations. Collected data will then be handled by SPSS and NVivo software.

Biography

Lecturer of The People’s Police Academy of Vietnam.

The role of police in identifying and assisting victims of human trafficking for sexual exploitation: A perspective of Vietnam

Oanh Nguyen

PhD Student of Flinders Law School, nguy0679@flinders.edu.au

The problem of human trafficking for sexual exploitation is still prevalent at national and international scope, predominantly in developing countries like Vietnam. It not only poses a serious threat to national security but also expresses a gross violation of human rights. In efforts to repel crimes, the Vietnamese government considers countering human trafficking including sex trafficking as one of the national leading crime prevention strategies with a pivotal key of police. The government places a victim-centre strategy in terms of identification and assistance victims of human trafficking. Unfortunately, Vietnam is witnessing the failure in identifying the status of trafficked persons regarding the role of police. Consequently, police do not protect the rights of victims of human trafficking who may face with arrest, fine, detention, deportation, and even punishments from authorities. The objective of this research is to examine the question: How do police in Vietnam perceive and implement identification and assistance victims of human trafficking for sexual exploitation? To explore this question, the study will rely on a mixed research method. At the first phase of research, the researcher will conduct surveys with 150 police who work at varying levels of five provinces/cities in which human trafficking is common. At the second phase of research, the researcher will conduct semi-structured interviews with 25 police who are senior, or junior, or at-least-5-year experience officers of national, provincial and district police stations. Collected data will then be handled by SPSS and NVivo software.

Biography

Lecturer of The People’s Police Academy of Vietnam.

Police deviance, procedural (in)justice and cynicism towards the law in Nigeria

O.M. Akinlabi

School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Griffith University, Mt Gravatt Campus, QLD 4122. oluwagbenga.akinlabi@griffithuni.edu.au

Every encounter that the public has with the police is expected to be a teachable moment and, or otherwise, a socialising experience that promotes or undermines police authority. Each contact provides an opportunity for the public to learn about the police, police procedures, and how to relate with the police in future encounters. As such, this study examines whether public experiences and perceptions of police abuse, perceptions of police corruption, and procedural (in)justice translate to public cynicism towards the law in Nigeria. The findings from this study support previous assertions that the relationship between the police and the public is not great and that what police do in Nigeria engenders cynicism towards the law.

Biography

Oluwagbenga Michael Akinlabi has recently submitted his PhD thesis at Griffith University in Australia. He was previously educated in his home country of Nigeria, as well as at Cambridge University in the United Kingdom. During the course of his studentship, Michael received a full-time international PhD scholarship from Griffith University. His research interests are in the field of policing, youth crime, violence, cybercrime, and comparative criminology.

Police deviance, procedural (in)justice and cynicism towards the law in Nigeria

O.M. Akinlabi

School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Griffith University, Mt Gravatt Campus, QLD 4122. oluwagbenga.akinlabi@griffithuni.edu.au

Every encounter that the public has with the police is expected to be a teachable moment and, or otherwise, a socialising experience that promotes or undermines police authority. Each contact provides an opportunity for the public to learn about the police, police procedures, and how to relate with the police in future encounters. As such, this study examines whether public experiences and perceptions of police abuse, perceptions of police corruption, and procedural (in)justice translate to public cynicism towards the law in Nigeria. The findings from this study support previous assertions that the relationship between the police and the public is not great and that what police do in Nigeria engenders cynicism towards the law.

Biography

Oluwagbenga Michael Akinlabi has recently submitted his PhD thesis at Griffith University in Australia. He was previously educated in his home country of Nigeria, as well as at Cambridge University in the United Kingdom. During the course of his studentship, Michael received a full-time international PhD scholarship from Griffith University. His research interests are in the field of policing, youth crime, violence, cybercrime, and comparative criminology.

Exploring police legitimacy

Lorenzo M. Boyd

University of Maryland Eastern Shore, Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, Lorenzo_Boyd@uml.edu

Police legitimacy considers how citizens judge police actions (on the continuum of fairness). Police legitimacy, like other forms of governmental legitimacy needs to be established in order for cooperative governance to occur. Any government agency which possesses coercive authority over its citizen must be able to articulate the reasons it’s necessary or proper for them to submit to this authority. A police department that can successfully articulate and explain these reasons is said to have legitimacy.

Police legitimacy is not necessarily the same as lawful policing. Because the police are authorized to conduct a certain action, does not always mean that the action is the right thing to do. Often citizens’ perception of the fairness of police actions dictates the behavior citizens towards the police.

Police legitimacy is not determined by the lawfulness of police conduct; instead it is determined mostly by the appearance of procedural justice or the perceived fairness of the specific police action. Research has shown that citizens who see the actions of the police as being legitimate, are more likely to cooperate with officers during the encounters which tends to keep officer and citizens safe. This paper is an exploratory study of citizen’s views of police legitimacy.

Biography

President of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences (USA) and Criminal Justice Department Chair; University of Maryland Eastern Shore

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