Beyond Restorative Justice: Conflict resolution within an institutional ethos of respect

Ms Rosalie Martin, Rob  White
University of Tasmania

Restorative justice as a concept and practice typically relates to conflict resolution. From juvenile conferencing involving young offenders to group mediation processes in schools, RJ is utilised as a progressive model of interaction, inclusiveness and reparation. This paper considers particular forms of ‘discipline’ used in a primary school in Tasmania. The point is not to simply describe an example of conflict resolution however. Rather, our intention is to situate this within the context of a whole-of-school restorative ethos. Based upon the concept of respect, this ethos shapes both the need for intervention (in the sense of demand), and the mechanisms for doing so when it is deemed necessary (that is, the form that ‘punishment’ takes). Crafting respect is an intentional, institutionally driven process – one that instils positive values and behaviour into the fabric of everyday interaction. Going beyond restorative justice effectively means diminishing the conflicts that require resolution in the first place.


Rosalie Martin is a criminologist, facilitator of reflective dialogue, and clinical speech pathologist of 34 years. In 2013 Rosalie founded a charity, Chatter Matters Tasmania, to bring literacy and parent-child attachment programs to Tasmania’s Risdon Prison. She was awarded 2017 Tasmanian Australian of the Year for the work she began at the prison. Rosalie is grateful for the platform this recognition has given to promote the value of kind communication in evidence-based service delivery.

Rob White is Professor of Criminology at the University of Tasmania


Belongingness, youth violence and violence prevention interventions

Mrs Helena Erasmus1
1University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa

The occurrence of youth violence is an ongoing challenge and the inability to develop reliable predictive models underlines the complexities involved in the development of youth violence. One line of research focusses on the influence of genetics, shared environments and non-shared environments on the manifestation of youth violence. In the current PhD study, the non-shared environments of late adolescents who were referred to diversion programmes after committing interpersonal physical violence, were investigated to develop a theory on the occurrence of youth violence. For this purpose, Grounded Theory Methodology was used, and the researcher applied constant comparative analysis on semi-structured interviews conducted by the researcher, as well as on secondary data sourced from the internet. Through this process of analysis, a theory on dealing with a compromised sense of belonging emerged. The theory postulates that a range of adverse events could lead to a compromised sense of belonging which is negotiated through the use of various strategies. Failure to negotiate an adequate sense of belonging may lead to the use of alternative strategies. One of these strategies involves the experience of anger which could, under the right conditions, go over into violent acts. To do justice to youths at risk of becoming youth offenders, various approaches are considered for the development of violence prevention interventions, using the theory on dealing with a compromised sense of belonging as foundation.


Helena Erasmus is a Research Psychologist and lecturer at the University of South Africa (Unisa) where she coordinates the training of the Research Psychology students. She has contributed towards research in various fields of study. However, with a background in pre-hospital emergency care Helena is interested in the fields of injury and violence, and specifically in the various role-players within these environments. Helena’s presentation is based on her PhD which contributed towards her understanding of youth violence, as well as the use of grounded theory methodology.


Supporting services to arrested youth in Hong Kong: Implications to preventive strategies of reoffending

Mr  Man Ho Chan1, Ms Siu Chui  Lee1, Ms Ka In Wu1, Professor  Sing Wing Wong2

1The Hong Kong Federation of Youth Groups, Youth Crime Prevention Centre, , 2City University of Hong Kong, Department of Applied Social Sciences,

The Hong Kong Federation of Youth Groups Youth Crime Prevention Centre and Hong Kong Police Force New Territories South Region jointly launched Project R in June 2012. This was the first operation of its type in Hong Kong, it provides specialized services including crisis intervention, counseling and family support services for the arrested youths (aged from 10-24), victims of the crime and their family members. After two years of experimentation, Project R collaborated with City University of Hong Kong to develop an assessment tool to assess the risk of youth reoffending and conduct evaluation on effectiveness of the intervention model. Based on pre-post test results, it found that social worker involvement (in terms of total number of service hours devoted) was significantly correlated to positive changes in client risk levels. A significant correlation was also found between social worker involvement (in terms of duration of services devoted) and positive changes in client risk levels. In summary, a client’s risk level of reoffending is more likely to decrease if he or she has received adequate service from social workers. Project R also filled the youth service gap in Hong Kong in helping the arrested youth and their parent. With evidence-based research, the Project R confirmed the effectiveness of the new intervention model titled “Tribasic Model of Delinquency Prevention: Five-Step Recovery through Life Coaching”. This paper highlights the service details of Project R, research impact of the evaluative study and illustrate with real cases study.

Ms Siu Chui Lee, is currently unit-in-charge at the Hong Kong Federation of youth Groups, Youth Crime Prevention Centre, Hong Kong, SAR. She has over 25 year’s social work practice experience working with family, children, delinquent youth, drug addict, and young offender. She is a member of Fight Crime Committee in Hong Kong. In addition, she is a social work field-work supervisor and registered as an Accredited Mediator in Hong Kong and China. Bob has published books on youth crime, youth law and drug addiction topics.

Ms Wu Ka In is an Youth Work Officer at Youth Crime Prevention Centre, the Hong Kong Federation of Youth Groups, Hong Kong, SAR. Her area of expertise are delinquent youth, young offender, crime victim and drug abuser. Ka and her colleagues have obtained numerous funding to develop innovative services to address social issues, such as youth crime, re-offending prevention, drug addiction. She received her Master degree in Criminology and she was earned a Bachelor’s Degree in Social Work. In addition, she also a social work filed-work supervisor and registered as a Global Career Development Facilitator in USA.


Restorative Justice in Hong Kong: Its Role in Youth Justice and Future Challenges

Dennis Wong1
1City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon, Hong Kong

In Hong Kong, juvenile justice mainly embraces disciplinary welfare and rehabilitative philosophies. Various statutory measures are applied to juvenile offenders, including police cautioning, community-based treatment measures, and custodial sentencing options. However, no statutory restorative measure has yet been incorporated into the mainstream juvenile criminal justice system in Hong Kong. Several nongovernmental organizations are developing innovative strategies to prevent problematic adolescents from slipping into delinquency and are willing to apply restorative practices to help delinquents desist from engaging in criminal careers. This paper begins with main features of restorative justice, and highlights the preventive and correctional services for delinquents in Hong Kong. The paper questions the explanations offered by the government for not implementing restorative justice. By comparing restorative options for juveniles in some Asian jurisdictions, the study advocates for an earlier introduction of restorative justice for the benefits of juvenile offenders.

Dennis S W Wong is Professor of Criminology at the Department of Social and Behavioural Sciences and Associate Dean of College of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences, City University of Hong Kong. His areas of teaching and research are criminology, youth studies, parents-child relationships, conflict management, and restorative justice. Dennis is honorary consultant on youth drugs abuse, school bullying, and offenders’ rehabilitation for governmental organizations in Hong Kong, Macau, and Singapore. He is an active member of Asian Criminological Society, Convenor of Asia Pacific Forum of Restorative Justice, and board member for a number of non-governmental organizations. Apart from publishing articles in local and international journals, he has published six books related to youth delinquency, school bullying, alternative to prosecution, mediation, and restorative justice.


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