Domestic Violence: Albania, as a Post Communist Country in the Balkans

Arbora  Aliaj

Domestic violence, although is one of the most violent widespread human rights in Albania, continues to be less appreciated. Considering multidimensional consequences, in physical, economical, reproductive health, but even in the twisted education in the future generations, on the dominance of fear, bullying, and prepotency, it leads to long term destructive effects for the society. Consequently, has been a widespread difficulty in the perception and understanding among citizens and public officials who currently struggle with their lack of education and in turn resort to the violation of the citizens. The General Prosecutor has in fact registered many cases for a country with the population of 3 million inhabitants, but considering the low level of reporting due to: educational, economic, social reasons, re-victimization, matter which triggered doubts about the real situation. Efforts to explain this phenomenon in a national level, although in their preliminary stages accord this behaviour to factors related to post communism, transition, democracy but also our location as a Balkan country. The research will explore four main areas. Namely, it will shed light upon the definition of domestic violence, the criminology associated with such crimes, the prevalence and tendencies associated with this crime, as well as look into the need to accommodate the needs of the victims of domestic violence and ensure that their rights are not only secure, but that they are also at the foundation of the legislation associated with procedural aspects in this regard.

Arbora Aliaj, hold a B.A. in Law, Faculty of Law, University of Tirana, Albania, and a M.Sc. in Criminal Law, graduated summa cum laude (10/10). This year, I am frequenting the National Chamber of Advocacy and Legal Issues, as an assistant lawyer.

The posts I currently hold include the role of Legal Expert at the Center for Public Information Issues and Representative of YATA Kosovo. In the same time, I am an active member of different

international organizations and projects, such as the AI, OSCE, UNYA, FES, HofA&S etc. Meanwhile, I am in waiting list of new assistant  professors, in the Academy of Security in Albania.

Also I have studied on the matter, different disciplines with scholarships and fellowships as 2016 “Balkan Crime and Criminology”, One- Week Intensive Course, Max Planck Institute for

Foreign and International Criminal Law; “17th Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology”, EuroCrime 2017, Cardiff, Wales. I have been appointed as Delegate of ELSA

International to the Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (CED), 12th Session, Geneva.  I have been chosen in the students working group for the “Judicial Reform” and for drafting “The right to be forgotten” in Albania.

Some of my publications for different international magazines like YATA Kosovo; Consejo Atlantico Juvenil Espanol, Spain; Journal of the Institute of Criminological and Sociological Research, Belgrade, Serbia. Related with my contribution in human rights and criminal process in Albania, I was one of the panelist in “Dialogue and Best Practice International Forum 2016”, Notre Dame University – Louaize (NDU), Lebanon, and a lot of activities in Albania, when I have achieved prizes and awards as New Political Leader of “Elita Politike”.


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