Prof Julie Stubbs1
1Faculty of Law UNSW Sydney, ,
Scholars here, as elsewhere, have been preoccupied with mass incarceration to the relative neglect of community sanctions. Community sanctions have increased in scale and intensity but remain poorly understood. Since the collapse of penal-welfarism, community sanctions have lacked a clear normative framework. Community sanctions have been used in disparate ways and have ‘vacillated’ between control/enforcement and rehabilitation, being influenced by shifting political imperatives and competing understandings. Currently, community-based supervision is being influenced by the heightened focus on managerialism, risk assessment, evidence-based policy and practice, and contested ‘what works’ frameworks. Yet community sanctions are often endorsed as particularly appropriate for women offenders. This paper draws on current research on community sanctions in Australia to examine the meaning and effects of community sanctions for women offenders.
Julie Stubbs is Co-Director of the Centre for Crime, Law and Justice at UNSW. She is co-author of Justice Reinvestment: Winding Back Imprisonment (with Brown et al 2016) and is currently working on an ARC project Rethinking Community Sanctions.