Examining gender differences in childhood and adolescent predictors of physical intimate partner violence victimisation: A longitudinal study among Australian adults
Ms Michelle Lapworth, Prof Tara McGee, Dr Li Eriksson, Prof Jake Najman
Adverse childhood experiences in childhood and adolescence are expected to be related to a range of adult outcomes including experiences of victimisation. Using a prospective longitudinal data set, which included the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire and the Composite Abuse Scale to identify childhood and adolescent experiences of abuse and neglect as well as adult experiences of IPV victimisation, we identified clear gender differences in terms of the predictors of adult physical IPV victimisation. Specifically, we find that childhood and adolescent sexual abuse is a stronger predictor of subsequent physical IPV for females than for males. Childhood and adolescent physical abuse and neglect is more strongly predictive of adult physical IPV for males than females, while the opposite holds true for emotional abuse and neglect. The gender differences warrant further research, particularly given the increased focus within politics and society on the wide-ranging impacts of IPV.
Michelle Lapworth is a PhD candidate in the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Griffith University. She has recently completed a Masters degree (Criminology and Criminal Justice) focusing on intimate partner violence and is extending this research as part of her PhD. Michelle also holds a Bachelor of Justice degree from Queensland University of Technology.