The Effects of Banning Orders and ID Scanners on Violent Crime and Disorder: An analysis of Micro-locations in Surfers Paradise

A/Prof. Justin Ready1, Mr Adam Turner1

1Griffith University, School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Gold Coast, Australia

Existing studies examining the effects of banning orders have mostly looked at general deterrent effects across large geographic areas, such as suburbs and entertainment precincts,  with less research focusing on specific deterrent effects in micro locations. This research buildings on the criminology of place by using an innovative analytical strategy to evaluate the effects of banning orders and ID scanners on interpersonal violence and public order on street segments.  Crime data were aggregated to street segments and then examined over a three-year period using time-series analysis in order to compare changes in crime trends on street segments with and without alcohol serving venues. The findings show that the introduction of banning orders without the support of ID scanners significantly reduced violent crime on street segments containing alcohol serving venues, but not on street segments that were entirely residential.  However, after the introduction of networked ID scanning technology (one year after the banning order legislation), there was a more widespread crime reduction effect that spilled over onto residential street segment.  This research has policy implications for better understanding how to create a diffusion of crime control benefits.  It also has theoretical implications that highlight the importance of crime attractors at micro locations

Date

Dec 10 2021